Abstract

Research Article

Simulating the dispersion of poisonous organic chemical compounds in wastewater treatment process through the active sludge method using the TOXChem model

Mohammad Gheibi*, Seyyed Roohollah Masoomi, Mostafa Azizi, Reza Aghlmand and Zahra Kian

Published: 24 June, 2021 | Volume 5 - Issue 1 | Pages: 025-031

Naturally, microorganisms decompose the organic material existing in nature, both in the presence or absence of oxygen. The majority of materials such as poisonous chemical compounds, heavy metals, would prevent the treatment process from taking place, lead to the entry of these contaminants into the environment results in the emergence of numerous diseases. In the present study, using the TOXChem4.1 simulation model, attempts were made to simulate a wastewater treatment plant and then assess the dispersions of contaminants including 1,2-Dimethylnaphthalene, 1,3-Dinitropyrene, 1,6-Dimethylnaphthalene, 1,6-Dinitropyrene, and 17a-ethinylestradiol (EE2) in concentrations of a common scenario. The results of computer simulations showed that the EE2 contaminant is of the highest percentage of decomposition among others, due to its wider chemical structure. Consequently, it is clear that such contaminant is of the highest mass in the sludge exiting the treatment plant. In addition, the results of the simulations demonstrated that the highest volumes of gaseous pollutants take place in the modulation and initial sedimentation units.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.abse.1001014 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF

Keywords:

Wastewater treatment plants; poisonous organic chemical compounds; Simulation; TOXChem4.1; Active sludge system

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