Research Article

Feasibility study of magnetic sensing for detecting single-neuron action potentials

Denis Tonini, Kai Wu, Renata Saha and Jian-Ping Wang*

Published: 31 December, 2022 | Volume 6 - Issue 1 | Pages: 019-029

Understanding the magnitude of the local magnetic fields generated by neurons is critical to assessing the feasibility of novel magnetic field sensors to record in vivo neuronal activities at cellular resolution. However, the strength of the magnetic fields induced by individual neurons and neuronal networks has not been systematically studied. This step is critical for evaluating and benchmarking the ability of different magnetic field sensors to record neuronal activities with far better spatial and temporal resolution. Herein, FEM exemplary models and open-source computational libraries are used to calculate the magnetic fields generated by individual neurons and neuronal networks at micrometer distances. Our theoretical results show that the magnetic field generated by a single-neuron action potential can be detected by ultra-high sensitivity sub-pT magnetic field sensors, which opens the door to future in vivo decoding of neuronal activities through custom neural networks. We anticipate that the identification of single-neuron signals with high-sensitivity magnetic devices will allow the interface of nanoscale devices to interpret biological signals supported by machine-learning techniques capable of monitoring and predicting the localized activities underlying brain computations.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.abse.1001018 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF


Neuron activity; Neuronal networks; Magnetic recording; Magnetic field sensor; Computational neurobiology


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